What is LASIK and LASIK Co-Management (LASIK or PRK)?
LASIK and PRK are state-of-the-art refractive surgery procedures that can reduce or eliminate nearsightedness, farsightedness and astigmatism. LASIK (Laser-Assisted-In-Situ Keratomileusis) and PRK (Photorefractive Keratectomy) are both highly effective outpatient procedures, often referred to as refractive surgery or laser vision correction. A surgeon uses a cool beam of light from the excimer laser to gently reshape the front surface (cornea) of your eye.
PRK was the first type of laser eye surgery for vision correction and is the predecessor to the popular LASIK procedure. PRK recovery takes a bit longer than recovery from LASIK eye surgery, PRK is commonly performed and offers advantages over LASIK for some patients. Like LASIK and other types of laser eye surgery, PRK works by reshaping the cornea using an excimer laser, allowing light entering the eye to be properly focused onto the retina for clear vision.
The main difference between PRK and LASIK is the first step of the procedures. In LASIK, a thin flap is created on the cornea with a microkeratome or a femtosecond laser. This flap is lifted to expose the underlying corneal tissue and is replaced after the cornea is reshaped with an excimer laser. In PRK, the thin outer layer of the cornea (epithelium) is removed prior to reshaping the underlying corneal tissue with an excimer laser. The epithelium repairs itself (grows back over the corneal surface) within several days after surgery.
Advancements in refractive surgery have made the procedures safer and more effective than ever, allowing for outstanding visual outcomes for patients. Dr. Price Kowaleski works closely with top surgeons in the Indianapolis area to provide all of your pre-operative and post-operative care for LASIK procedures and to assure the best surgical outcome for her patients.